France, Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM)
Founded in 1964, the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (Inserm) is a public scientific and technological institute entirely dedicated to biological, medical and human health research. It is positioned across the entire pass from the research to the bedside, which operates under the joint authority of the French Ministry of Health and French Ministry of Research. Inserm has 15000 people working in 300 research units.
As the only French public research institute to focus entirely on human health, in 2008 Inserm took on the responsibility for the strategic, scientific and operational coordination of biomedical research. The decree adopted in March 2009 will enable Inserm to perform its research missions in the face of the new scientific, health and economic challenges of the 21st century. Scientific monitoring and expertise are now part of the Institute’s official missions.
In April 2009, national coordination was strengthened by the Alliance nationale pour les sciences de la vie et de la santé (French National Alliance for Life and Health Sciences), which Inserm co-founded with other research institutes and the Conférence des présidents d’université (Association of University Presidents). To extend the strategic and programmatic coordination of research to all life and health sciences, the Alliance relies on 10 multi-body thematic institutes jointly overseen by two research institutes (Inserm, CNRS, French Atomatic Energy Commission/CEA or French National Institute for Agricultural Research/Inra), depending on the research field.
Lastly, Inserm plays a leading role in creating the European Research Area and boosts its standing abroad through close partnerships (teams and partner laboratories abroad).